moveoff - Component for Hal-only offsets
loadrt moveoff [count=N|names=name1[,name2...]] [personality=P,P,...]
The moveoff component is used to offset joint positions using custom Hal connections. Implementing an offset-while-program-is-paused functionality is supported with appropriate connections for the input pins. Nine joints are supported.
The axis offset pin values (offset-in-M) are continuously applied (respecting limits on value, velocity, and acceleration) to the output pins (offset-current-M, pos-plusoffset-M, fb-minusoffset-M) when both enabling input pins (apply-offsets and move-enable) are TRUE. The two enabling inputs are anded internally. A warning pin is set and a message issued if the apply-offsets pin is deasserted while offsets are applied. The warning pin remains TRUE until the offsets are removed or the apply-offsets pin is set.
Typically, the move-enable pin is connected to external controls and the apply-offsets pin is connected to halui.program.is-paused (for offsets only while paused) or set to TRUE (for continuously applied offsets).
Applied offsets are automatically returned to zero (respecting limits) when either of the enabling inputs is deactivated. The zero value tolerance is specified by the epsilon input pin value.
Waypoints are recorded when the moveoff componenent is enabled. Waypoints are managed with the waypoint-sample-secs and waypoint-threshold pins. When the backtrack-enable pin is TRUE, the auto-return path follows the recorded waypoints. When the memory available for waypoints is exhausted, offsets are frozen and the waypoint-limit pin is asserted. This restriction applies regardless of the state of the backtrack-enable pin. An enabling pin must be deasserted to allow a return to the original (non-offset position).
Backtracking through waypoints results in slower movement rates as the moves are point-to-point respecting velocity and acceleration settings. The velocity and acceleration limit pins can be managed dynamically to control offsets at all times.
When backtrack-enable is FALSE, the auto-return move is NOT coordinated, each axis returns to zero at its own rate. If a controlled path is wanted in this condition, each axis should be manually returned to zero before deasserting an enabling pin.
The waypoint-sample-secs, waypoint-threshold, and epsilon pins are evaluated only when the component is idle.
The offsets-applied output pin is provided to indicate the current state to a GUI so that program resumption can be managed. If the offset(s) are non-zero when the apply-offsets pin is deasserted (for example when resuming a program when offsetting during a pause), offsets are returned to zero (respecting limits) and an Error message is issued.
Caution: If offsets are enabled and applied and the machine is turned off for any reason, any external Hal logic that manages the enabling pins and the offset-in-M inputs is responsible for their state when the machine is subsequently turned on again.
This Hal-only means of offsetting is typically not known to LinuxCNC nor available in GUI preview displays. No protection is provided for offset moves that exceed soft limits managed by LinuxCNC. Since soft limits are not honored, an offset move may encounter hard limits (or CRASH if there are no limit switches). Use of the offset-min-M and offset-max-M inputs to limit travel is recommended. Triggering a hard limit will turn off the machine -- see Caution above.
The offset-in-M values may be set with inifile settings, controlled by a GUI, or managed by other Hal components and connections. Fixed values may be appropriate in simple cases where the direction and amount of offset is well-defined but a control method is required to deactivate an enabling pin in order to return offsets to zero. GUIs may provide means for users to set, increment, decrement, and accumulate offset values for each axis and may set offset-in-M values to zero before deasserting an enabling pin.
The default values for accel, vel, min, max, epsilon, waypoint-sample-secs, and waypoint-threshold may not be suitable for any particular application. This Hal component is unaware of limits enforced elsewhere by LinuxCNC. Users should test usage in a simulator application and understand all hazards before use on hardware.
The module personality item sets the number of joints supported (default==3, maximum is 9).
Use of the
names= option for naming is required for
compatibility with the gui provided as scripts/moveoff_gui:
loadrt moveoff names=mv personality=number_of_joints
moveoff.N.read-inputs (requires a floating-point thread)
Read all inputs
moveoff.N.write-outputs (requires a floating-point thread)
Write computed offset outputs (offset-current-M, pos-plusoffset-M, fb-minusoffset-M). All other outputs are updated by read-inputs()
moveoff.N.power-on bit in
Connect to motion.motion-enabled
moveoff.N.move-enable bit in
Enable offsets (Enabling requires apply-offset TRUE also)
moveoff.N.apply-offsets bit in
Enable offsets (Enabling requires move-enable TRUE also)
moveoff.N.backtrack-enable bit in (default: 1)
Enable backtrack on auto-return
moveoff.N.epsilon float in (default: 0.0005)
When enabling pins are deactivated, return to un-offsetted position within epsilon units. Warning: values that are too small in value may cause overshoot, A minimum value of 0.0001 is silently enforced
moveoff.N.waypoint-threshold float in (default: 0.02)
Minimum distance (in a single axis) for a new waypoint
moveoff.N.waypoint-sample-secs float in (default: 0.02)
Minimum sample interval (in seconds) for a new waypoint
moveoff.N.warning bit out
Set TRUE if apply-offsets is deasserted while offset-applied is TRUE
moveoff.N.offset-applied bit out
TRUE if one or more offsets are applied
moveoff.N.waypoint-limit bit out (default: 0)
Indicates waypoint limit reached (motion ceases), an enabling pin must be deasserted to initiate return to original position
moveoff.N.waypoint-ct s32 out
Waypoint count (for debugging)
moveoff.N.waypoint-percent-used s32 out
Percent of available waypoints used
moveoff.N.offset-in-M float in (M=0..personality)
Joint offset input value
moveoff.N.pos-M float in (M=0..personality)
Joint position (typ: axis.0.motor-pos-cmd)
moveoff.N.fb-M float in (M=0..personality)
Joint feedback (typ from encoder and input to pid controller (pid.feedback))
moveoff.N.offset-current-M float out (M=0..personality)
Joint offset current value
moveoff.N.pos-plusoffset-M float out (M=0..personality)
Computed joint position plus offset (typically connect to pid command input)
moveoff.N.fb-minusoffset-M float out (M=0..personality)
Computed Joint feedback minus offset (typically connected to axis.0.motor-pos-fb
moveoff.N.offset-vel-M float in (M=0..personality) (default: 10)
Joint offset velocity limit
moveoff.N.offset-accel-M float in (M=0..personality) (default: 100)
Joint offset acceleration limit
moveoff.N.offset-min-M float in (M=0..personality) (default: -1e20)
Minimum limit for applied joint offset (typ negative)
moveoff.N.offset-max-M float in (M=0..personality) (default: 1e20)
Maximum limit for applied offset (typ positive)
moveoff.N.dbg-waypoint-limit-test bit in
Debug input to test with limited number of waypoints
moveoff.N.dbg-state s32 out
Debug output for current state of state machine
Example simulator configs that demonstrate the moveoff component and a simple gui (scripts/moveoff_gui) are located in configs/sim/axis/moveoff. The axis gui is used for the demonstrations and the configs can be adapted for other guis like touchy and gscreen. An example with the touchy gui is provided in configs/sim/touchy/ngcgui/.