This is a userspace HAL program for the GS2 series of VFD’s at Automation Direct.
[In Europe the equivalent can be found under the brand name Omron.]

This component is loaded using the halcmd "loadusr" command:

loadusr -Wn spindle-vfd gs2_vfd -n spindle-vfd

The above command says: loadusr, wait for named to load, component gs2_vfd, named spindle-vfd. The HAL loadusr command is described in the loadusr chapter.

1. Command Line Options

  • -b or --bits <n> (default: 8) Set number of data bits to n, where n must be from 5 to 8 inclusive.

  • -d or --device <path> (default: /dev/ttyS0) Set the file path to the serial device node to use.

  • -g or --debug Turn on debugging messages. This will also set the verbose flag. Debug mode will cause all modbus messages to be printed in hex on the terminal.

  • -n or --name <string> (default: gs2_vfd) Set the name of the HAL module. The HAL comp name will be set to <string>, and all pin and parameter names will begin with <string>.

  • -p or --parity {even,odd,none} (default: odd) Set serial parity to even, odd, or none.

  • -r or --rate <n> (default: 38400) Set baud rate to n. It is an error if the rate is not one of the following: 110, 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200.

  • -s or --stopbits {1,2} (default: 1) Set serial stop bits to 1 or 2

  • -t or --target <n> (default: 1) Set MODBUS target (slave) number. This must match the device number you set on the GS2.

  • -v or --verbose Turn on debug messages.

  • -A or --accel-seconds <n> (default: 10.0) Seconds to accelerate the spindle from 0 to max. RPM.

  • -D or --decel-seconds <n> (default: 0.0) Seconds to decelerate the spindle from max. RPM to 0. If set to 0.0 the spindle will be allowed to coast to a stop without controlled deceleration.

  • -R or --braking-resistor This argument should be used when a braking resistor is installed on the GS2 VFD (see Appendix A of the GS2 manual). It disables deceleration over-voltage stall prevention (see GS2 modbus Parameter 6.05), allowing the VFD to keep braking even in situations where the motor is regenerating high voltage. The regenerated voltage gets safely dumped into the braking resistor.

Note
That if there are serial configuration errors, turning on verbose may result in a flood of timeout errors.

2. Pins

With <name> being "gs2_vfd" or the name given during loading with the -n option:

  • <name>.DC-bus-volts (float, out) DC bus voltage of the VFD

  • <name>.at-speed (bit, out) when drive is at commanded speed

  • <name>.err-reset (bit, in) reset errors sent to VFD

  • <name>.firmware-revision (s32, out) from the VFD

  • <name>.frequency-command (float, out) from the VFD

  • <name>.frequency-out (float, out) from the VFD

  • <name>.is-stopped (bit, out) when the VFD reports 0 Hz output

  • <name>.load-percentage (float, out) from the VFD

  • <name>.motor-RPM (float, out) from the VFD

  • <name>.output-current (float, out) from the VFD

  • <name>.output-voltage (float, out) from the VFD

  • <name>.power-factor (float, out) from the VFD

  • <name>.scale-frequency (float, out) from the VFD

  • <name>.speed-command (float, in) speed sent to VFD in RPM It is an error to send a speed faster than the Motor Max RPM as set in the VFD.

  • <name>.spindle-fwd (bit, in) 1 for FWD and 0 for REV sent to VFD

  • <name>.spindle-rev (bit, in) 1 for REV and 0 if off

  • <name>.spindle-on (bit, in) 1 for ON and 0 for OFF sent to VFD

  • <name>.status-1 (s32, out) Drive Status of the VFD (see the GS2 manual)

  • <name>.status-2 (s32, out) Drive Status of the VFD (see the GS2 manual)

Note
The status value is a sum of all the bits that are on. So a 163 which means the drive is in the run mode is the sum of 3 (run) + 32 (freq set by serial) + 128 (operation set by serial).

3. Parameters

With <name> being gs2_vfd or the name given during loading with the -n option:

  • <name>.error-count (s32, RW)

  • <name>.loop-time (float, RW) how often the modbus is polled (default: 0.1)

  • <name>.nameplate-HZ (float, RW) Nameplate Hz of motor (default: 60)

  • <name>.nameplate-RPM (float, RW) Nameplate RPM of motor (default: 1730)

  • <name>.retval (s32, RW) the return value of an error in HAL

  • <name>.tolerance (s32, RW) speed tolerance (default: 0.01)

  • <name>.ack-delay (s32, RW) number of read/write cycles before checking at-speed (default 2)

For an example of using this component to drive a spindle see the GS2 Spindle example.